Symptoms Of Hypertension (High BP) Diagnosis Treatment & Prevention

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Symptoms High blood pressure (BP) | Hypertension

High blood pressure usually causes no symptoms and high blood pressure often is labelled “the silent killer”. People who have high blood pressure typically do not know it until their blood pressure is measured. Sometimes people with markedly elevated blood pressure may develop Symptoms of hypertension

  •  Headache
  • Dizziness
  •  Blurred vision
  •  Nausea and vomiting
  •  Chest pain and shortness of breath.

People often do not seek medical care until they have symptoms arising from the
organ damage caused by chronic (ongoing, long-term) high blood pressure. The
following types of organ damage are commonly seen in chronic high blood pressure:

  •  Heart attack.
  • Heart failure.
  •  Stroke or transient ischemic attack(TIA).
  • Kidney failure.
  •  Eye damage with progressive vision loss.
  •  Peripheral arterial disease causing leg pain with walking (claudication).
  • Outpouchings of the aorta, called Aneurysms. About 1% of people with high blood pressure do not seek medical care until the high blood pressure is very severe, a condition known as malignant hypertension.
  • In malignant hypertension, the diastolic blood pressure (the lower number) often exceeds 140 mm Hg.
  •  Malignant hypertension may be associated with headache, lightheadedness, nausea, vomiting, and stroke like symptoms.
  • Malignant hypertension requires emergency intervention and lowering of
    blood pressure to prevent brain hemorrhage or stroke. It is of extreme importance to realize that high blood pressure can be unrecognized for years, causing no symptoms but causing progressive damage to the heart, other organs, and blood vessels.

Diagnosis High blood pressure (BP) | Hypertension

High blood pressure is diagnosed based on the results of a blood pressure test. The test yields two numbers: systolic and diastolic. Blood pressure values are often
written as systolic pressure/diastolic pressure; for example, 120/80. The unit of
measurement for blood pressure is millimetres of mercury (mmHg).

Blood Pressure Categories in Adults: The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute divide blood pressure levels into several categories. Below are the values that
define each of these categories in adults.


Normal: Systolic pressure, less than 120 mmHg and Diastolic pressure, less than 80 mmHg.

Prehypertension: Systolic pressure, 120-139 mmHg or Diastolic pressure, 80-89 mmHg.



  1. Stage 1 high blood pressure: Systolic pressure, 140-159 mmHg or Diastolic pressure, 90-99 mmHg.
  2. Stage 2 high blood pressure: Systolic pressure, 160 mmHg and above or Diastolic pressure, 100 mmHg and above. When systolic and diastolic pressures fall into different categories, the higher one is used. For example, a blood pressure reading of 165/85 is considered stage 2 high blood pressure.
  • Isolated systolic hypertension: It refers to high blood pressure in which only the
    systolic number is high. It occurs in about two-thirds of people over ages 60 who have high blood pressure. This condition should be taken as seriously as high blood pressure in which both values are elevated, because it can cause just as much harm if left
  • Diagnosis in Children and Teens: Blood pressure is measured the same way in children and teens as it is in adults. However, the younger and smaller the child, the lower the values normally are. To diagnose high blood pressure, the blood pressure values for a particular child or teen are compared to average blood pressure readings for young people of the same age, gender and height. Following points are also taken into consideration in diagnosis:
  1.  Medical and family history
  2.  Physical examination
  3.  Ophthalmoscopy
  4.  Chest-X-ray
  5. Electrocardiograph
  6.  Blood and urine tests


Treatment High blood pressure (BP) | Hypertension

There is no cure for primary hypertension but blood pressure can almost always be lowered with the correct treatment. The goal of treatment is to lower blood pressure to levels that will prevent heart disease and other complications of hypertension. In secondary hypertension, the disease that is responsible for the hypertension is treated in addition to the hypertension itself. Successful treatment of the underlying disorder may cure the secondary hypertension. Antihypertensive medicines fall into several classes of drugs (see diagram below)what distinguishes atherosclerosis from arteriosclerosis,symptoms for hypertension, symptoms high blood pressure, what is hypertension symptoms, high blood pressure sign, high blood pressure symptom, high blood pressure sign, high blood pressure symptom, hypertension and symptoms, hypertension signs and symptoms, hypertension symptom, hypertension symptoms , pulmonary hypertension symptoms, hypertension stage 1 symptoms, stage 1 hypertension symptoms, hypertension stage 2 symptoms, endocrine hypertension symptoms, exercise induced hypertension symptoms, outward symptoms of hypertension include, scleroderma pulmonary hypertension symptoms, what is the primary symptom of hypertension quizlet, hypertension differential diagnosis uptodate, nursing diagnosis pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary hypertension nursing diagnosis, pulmonary hypertension diagnosis, nsg diagnosis for hypertension, hypertension nsg diagnosis, nurses diagnosis for hypertension , nursing diagnosis hypertension , nursing diagnosis in hypertension, nursing diagnosis with hypertension, nursing diagnosis of hypertension, hypertension treatment , pulmonary hypertension treatment, treatment for pulmonary hypertension, treatment for hypertension, hypertension treatments, hypertensive crisis treatment, pulmonary hypertension treatments, treatment hypertension, treatment of hypertension, stage 1 hypertension treatment, non pharmacological treatment of hypertension, hypertensive emergency treatment guidelines ppt, newly diagnosed hypertension treatment, which medication is used in the treatment of hypertension quizlet , exercise induced hypertension treatment, hypertension in dialysis pathophysiology and treatment, hypertensive crisis treatment maoi , non pharmacological treatment for hypertension, non pharmacological treatment of hypertension pdf, post nephrectomy hypertension treatment, how can hypertension be prevented brainly, epidemiology and prevention of hypertension, prevention and control of hypertension ppt, prevention of hypertension, how can hypertension be prevented, hypertension prevention, how to prevent hypertension, what is primary prevention of hypertension , how can hypertension be prevented quizlet, ,atherosclerosis symptoms, atherosclerosis of aorta, atherosclerosis, what is atherosclerosis , atherosclerosis vs arteriosclerosis, atherosclerosis symptoms, how to pronounce atherosclerosis, aortic arch atherosclerosis, multiple sclerosis and atherosclerosis, cerebral atherosclerosis icd 10, atherosclerosis pronunciation, what distinguishes atherosclerosis from arteriosclerosis, atherosclerosis pathology ppt, morphology of atherosclerosis, atherosclerosis pathophysiology ppt, hypertension, high blood pressure symptoms, high bp symptoms, high blood pressure , bp bp, etiology of hypertension, etiology of hypertension blood pressure , arterial hypertension etiology, pathophysiology of hypertension ppt, hypertension pathophysiology, pathophysiology of hypertension, pathophysiology of hypertension slideshare, pathophysiology of hypertension pdf, pregnancy induced hypertension pathophysiology, pulmonary hypertension pathophysiology, pathophysiology of hypertension in flow chart pathophysiology of hypertension flowchart, pathophysiology of htn, pathophysiology of hypertension , pathology of hypertension, Chronic renal failure, Primary hyperaldosteronism Stress, Sleep Apnea, Pheochromocytoma, Preeclampsia, Aortic coarctation,

 Prevention High blood pressure (BP) | Hypertension

Having high blood pressure can be prevented by eating healthily, maintaining a healthy weight, taking regular exercise, drinking alcohol in moderation and not smoking, reducing salt intake, managing stress.

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