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Diagnosis And Treatment Of Atherosclerosis

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Balloon angioplasty-atherosclerosis symptoms and treatment

Diagnosis Of Atherosclerosis


Physicians may be able to make a diagnosis of atherosclerosis during a physical exam by means of a stethoscope and gentle probing of the arteries with the hand (palpation) to find signs of narrowed, enlarged or hardened arteries, including: A weak or absent pulse below the narrowed area of artery. Decreased blood pressure in an affected limb. Whooshing sounds (bruits) over arteries, heard using a stethoscope. Signs of a pulsating bulge (aneurysm) in abdomen or behind knee. Evidence of poor wound healing in the area where blood flow is restricted. Depending on the results of the physical exam, more

Diagnostic Tests Given For Diagnosis Of Atherosclerosis

More definite number of tests are:


Treatment For Atherosclerosis 

Lifestyle changes: The changes will focus on weight management, physical
activity and a healthy diet. Doctor may recommend eating foods high in soluble
fiber and limiting intake of saturated fats, sodium and alcohol.

Medication prescribed: The medications may be for Treatment of Atherosclerosis

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, Diuretics (Water pills) Surgery: Severe cases of atherosclerosis may be treated by surgical procedures, such
as angioplasty or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Angioplasty involves expanding the artery and opening the blockage, so that the blood can flow through properly again. CABG is another form of surgery that can improve blood flow to the heart by using arteries from other parts of the body to bypass a narrowed coronary artery.

Angioplasty and stent placement in the Treatment of Atherosclerosis

Angioplasty is a procedure in which a tiny device is inserted into narrowed blood vessels that supply blood to the heart. This device widens the arteries and increases
blood flow. Balloon angioplasty, also known as percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), uses a small, thin tube (called a catheter) with a tiny balloon at its
tip. The tube is inserted into the bloodstream through a large vessel in the arm or leg. By watching the progress of the tube on an X-ray, the cardiologist guides the tube into the heart, where it is inserted into a narrowed coronary artery. The tiny balloon is then inflated to widen the narrowed area.


Stent with ballon angioplast

During most of these procedures, cardiologists also insert a metal wire frame that serves as a scaffolding to help keep the artery open. This device is called a stent. A blocked artery is less likely to close up if a stent is in place. There are two types of stents:

In some cases, fatty deposits must be surgically removed from the walls of a narrowed artery. When the procedure is done on arteries in the neck (the carotid arteries), it is called a carotid endarterectomy.

Bypass surgery: In this, a graft bypass may be created using a vessel from another part of body or a tube made of synthetic fabric. This allows blood to flow around the blocked or narrowed artery. which is a well known Treatment for Atherosclerosis


Treatment ForDrugs Used
Statins to lower bad
cholesterol (LDL)
Lovastatin, Simvastatin, Pravastatin, Fluvastatin,
Atorvastatin, Rosuvastatin
Fibrates to reduce
Gemfibrozil, Fenofibrate
Reducing triglycerides and
LDL. It also increases HDL.
Nictoinic acid.
Other drugs for
Cholestyramine, Colestipol, Colesevelam


Read More: Atherosclerosis | Causes |Pathophysiology |Symptoms|  Pronunciation

Wound Healing | Stages And Phases Of Wound Healing PPT

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